Language Basics

While the government and more than 120 million people use almost entirely Spanish, it is not officially the official language of Mexico. In fact, the Constitution of Mexico describes the nation as multilingual and acknowledges the right of indigenous peoples to use and maintain their languages.

In addition, in 2003, the Government passed the Law on Linguistic Rights, recognizing 62 indigenous languages as co-official national languages. It also develops bilingual education and encourages attempts to perpetuate the diverse languages and dialects present in Mexico.

Unfortunately, this attempt to conserve and support the indigenous languages of Mexico is failing. This is partly due to the fact that younger generations are more open to Spanish and English through global contact.

In today's fast-paced and multicultural culture, many prefer to set aside the vocabulary of their ancestors, so if you're planning a trip to Mexico, the ability to speak Spanish is likely to help, particularly in tourist areas.
English Spanish
Yes Si
No No
Please Por favor
Thank you Gracias
Sorry Lo siento
Hello Hola
Good morning Buenos días
Good afternoon Buenas tardes
Good evening/night Buenas noches
Goodbye Adiós
Bye Chao
See you Nos vemos
How are you? ¿Como está?
Fine, thanks Bien, gracias
Do you speak english? ¿Habla inglés?
I don't understand No entiendo
Please speak slowly Hable lento por favor
Where is/are...? Donde esta/están...?
When? ¿Cuándo?
Who? ¿Quien?
Why? ¿Por qué?
What? ¿Que?
Which ¿Cual?
How long? ¿Cuánto tiempo?
How much (price)? ¿Cuánto cuesta?
Can you help me? ¿Me puede ayudar?
What time is it? ¿Qué hora es?
Useful phrases 
I like/I don't like it Me gusta/No me gusta
Just a minute Un minuto
Too expensive Muy caro
It's hot (weather) Hace calor
It's cold (weather) Hace frío
A little Un poco
A lot Mucho
Coffee with milk Café con leche
Ice Hielo
Mineral water Agua mineral
Wine (White/Red) Vino (Blanco/Tinto)
Beer Cerveza
Juice Jugo
Eggs Huevos
Scrambled eggs Huevos revueltos
Fried eggs Huevos fritos
Cheese Queso
Bacon Tocino
Beef Carne vacuna
Chicken Pollo
Pork Cerdo
Rice Arroz
Boiled potatoes Papas cocidas
Chips (Fries) Papas fritas